CBD stands for cannabidiol, and it is only one of many cannabinoids found in cannabis. The CBD that is widely used in the United States is produced from the hemp (which is a type of cannabis plant). Because there are many different cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, each individual CBD product may vary depending on the ingredients that are found in it. Varying components of CBD products help achieve optimal results when used together.
What is full spectrum CBD oil?
There are three main types of CBD oil: isolate, broad spectrum, and full spectrum. CBD isolate contains 100% CBD and nothing else. Broad spectrum CBD oil contains CBD as well as other cannabinoids, but it does not contain THC. Full spectrum CBD oil contains CBD and other cannabinoids, including trace amounts of THC.
Not an avid cannabis user? Don’t worry! Full spectrum CBD oil will not get you high. These products only contain trace amounts of THC (no more than 0.3% to be exact). So the small amount of THC in full spectrum CBD will not likely cause any type of brain fog or psychoactive effects. THC and CBD have actually been found to complement each other well; especially since CBD mitigates the psychoactive effects of THC.
Although full spectrum CBD oil does not contain more than just 0.3% of THC, it is possible for some CBD products to be more potent than others. The best CBD companies offer access to independent batch results so that you can see the exact concentrations of the products that you purchase.
More than just CBD
When full spectrum CBD oil is produced, none of the natural compounds are filtered out during the extraction process. Depending on the source, full spectrum CBD oil could contain any number of the following compounds including: cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Cannabinoids are abundant in the cannabis plant and exist in over 100 different variations. CBD, THC, CBN, and CBG are a few examples of cannabinoids. These powerful compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) and are what cause the beneficial effects reported from regular CBD usage.
Terpenes are another component that is found in full spectrum CBD oil. Terpenes influence the cannabis plant’s aroma and cause different variations of the plant to have their own unique flavor and fragrance. Think of how some CBD oils can taste more sweet and citrusy, while others have a more woodsy, or even minty flavor. Terpenes can also influence the health-supporting effects of CBD, similar to the way that certain scents can have aromatherapeutic benefits like the calming scent of lavender or the awakening scent of peppermint.
Flavonoids are important molecules found in all types of plants and they play an important role by giving plants their pigmentation, filtering out UV light, helping attract pollinators, and even preventing plant diseases. Cannabis plants contain around 20 different flavonoids that can have beneficial effects such as helping to maintain optimal functioning of nerves and other bodily functions.
In addition to having their own unique benefits, all of these different components work together inside of the body to produce a balanced, full effect.
How do THC and CBD work together?
CBD and THC affect different brain areas and ultimately help to balance the ECS. The ECS is responsible for many important body functions including regulating sleep and mood, affecting how we experience pain, and inflammatory response regulation. Ultimately, the ECS helps restore balance in the body and maintain homeostasis by working with the central and peripheral nervous system.
THC works to activate the CB1 receptors of the ECS while CBD uses the opposite approach and actually inhibits these receptors. This may sound counterproductive but it actually causes a complementary effect and the two help balance each other’s proper functioning, resulting in a more balanced and optimally functioning of the body.
Benefits of full spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD oil is naturally less processed than other forms. Having less of the natural compounds extracted from it keeps this powerful plant oil in its most natural and effective form. Full spectrum CBD oil could also be more potent than other forms because less of the natural compounds are stripped away.
The entourage effect
The entourage effect is the name given to the theory supporting the way that cannabinoids complement each other inside the body and produce a more complete effect. With full spectrum CBD oil, you are most likely to experience the entourage effect since this type of CBD oil contains all of its natural properties.
Another benefit of CBD oil is that it is a popular option. Many CBD companies have a full spectrum option and it may be one of the easier types to find when purchasing CBD. Full spectrum CBD oil is available in a wide variety of forms including tinctures, topical products, gummies, and capsules.
What’s the difference between hemp and marijuana?
The CBD oil that is legal in the United States is made by using an extraction process on the hemp plant. A hemp plant is defined as a cannabis plant containing less than 0.3% of THC, while a marijuana plant contains more than 0.3% THC. Marijuana plants typically contain more THC than CBD. Although CBD oil can technically be made using the hemp plant or the marijuana plant, legal CBD oil is hemp-derived and always low in THC.
As it becomes increasingly popular in use, it is important to understand the different variations and components of CBD oil. The three main types of CBD oil vary depending on the concentrations of the different cannabinoids that are found in each. There is a CBD product out there for most people, and finding the best one for you may just come down gaining a better understanding and weighing out your options.
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*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration.
These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
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